In just a few short years, they have become a favorite plant for gardening enthusiasts for many reasons. In this article, we’ll let you know How To Propagate Succulents.
Propagating succulents is incredibly simple. An easy way to replicate that plant that we like so much or even to take advantage of a stem broken by some mishap. Because that is one of the benefits of succulents: that we need little to be able to enjoy them in as many pots or spaces we want.
Propagating succulents is, by definition, multiplying a plant. An ideal gardening task if we want, for example, to give away one of our specimens. But it is not the only reason to consider it. It is the ideal technique to dress a rockery with them or, for example, to make a vertical garden with pallets. We each have our goals. The real important thing is knowing how to do it correctly.
And there is no single way to propagate succulents. Actually, we can do it in different ways. And they all have one thing in common: how incredibly simple it is!
3 WAYS TO PROPAGATE SUCCULENTS
You don’t have to be a gardening expert to successfully propagate succulents. In fact, it is enough to follow exactly the simple indications of each of the methods. And yes: arm yourself with patience. Whether through leaves or cuttings, succulents take their time to put down the roots we need to plant them. Therefore, it is not a suitable process for the impatient or for those who seek to quickly achieve a result.
Remember, Before you start propagating succulents, it’s important to know something. Even doing it to the letter, the success rate is very high but we can also have losses. Or, in other words, that some of the potential plants fail to root. For this reason and when we begin to propagate them, the ideal thing is to start with a good number of plants to multiply. In this way, even contemplating that some do not prosper, we will be able to have many others to plant.
Before seeing in detail how to propagate succulents in three different ways, it is important to know what we need for it. We are talking about a gardening task that involves very few materials. So few, in fact, that a substrate for cacti and succulents will suffice; and a container, which varies by method.
With this clear, let’s see the three methods to propagate succulents that we can use. Three with their own peculiarities but equally simple.
1. Through Leaves
It is one of the most common ways to propagate succulents. But beware: it is also one in which we can have the greatest number of casualties. It is usually the perfect shape for sedum, crassulas, and other leafy succulents. The positive part is that each one of them will be transformed into a new plant. This technique is perfect for leaves that have been detached from the mother plant by a blow, but also for those that we intentionally remove. To do it well, the ideal thing is to turn the leaf slightly from the junction with the stem so that it detaches.
To ensure success, it is important to choose your blades carefully. Whether they have the strength and resources to multiply will depend on their state. To propagate succulents through their leaves, we will never use:
- Those that are damaged or have a bad color
- Wrinkled sheets
- Those that are infected by insects
- Leaves that have not been properly detached from the stem
Steps To Propagate Succulents With Leaves
Once the candidate sheets have been selected, the process is simple:
- Let the leaves dry for two or three days. In this way, the wound that we have inflicted by cutting it will be sealed. To do this, the ideal matter is to place it in a shady area. And we will not water these days
- When the wound is dry, we place the leaves on the substrate for cacti and succulents. This is, literally, leaving our blade on the substrate avoiding that the part of the cut touches it. To ensure that growth is faster, it is advisable to use a propagation tray or a greenhouse.
- Every two days, we spray our resting leaves with water. Let’s not overdo it: just moisten. How to water succulents correctly is a pending issue many times in your cultivation. And, in the case of our potential seedlings, just do it by spraying water. We continue to water like this every day and a half or two days for between four weeks and a month, always avoiding over-moistening the substrate.
After that time, we will see how new small plants form at the base of the leaf. Again, we have to wait a bit. When they are fully formed, it is time to plant them in the substrate. And let no one be scared because they see that the original sheet begins to lose a life. You will only be giving it to the new plants.
2. Propagate Succulents By Division
One of the most common ways involve, again, patience. It is the ideal technique when we see that our original plant has children. The common name was given to those small plants equal to the original that arise around them. To propagate succulents using this technique, we will have to let the suckers grow until they are a good size. Only in this way can we guarantee that planted in a new substrate, they will succeed.
How To Propagate Succulents By Division
- We take the original succulent with its children from the pot. In many cases, removing them from the original plant is as easy as gently turning them. In many others, the roots can be tangled so we have to take time to separate some plants from others. And do not rush: this work must be done with patience to avoid damaging the roots.
- With the plants separated, we plant in a substrate for cacti and succulents. It also doesn’t hurt to use one of the types of plant substrates that help drainage.
- For a month, we will spray our new plants every day and a half, moistening the substrate.
- A dose of perlite in the substrate will help us to propagate succulents, by improving the aeration and drainage of the soil.
After that time, we will have new strong and healthy succulents that we will water normally.
3. Propagate Succulents By Stem Cuttings
We arrived at the technique to propagate succulents ideal for those that have a stem. And, on this occasion, we have two ways to carry it out: directly in the substrate or in water. Let’s see the particularities of each one.
How To Propagate Succulents By Cuttings In Substrate
The fastest way to propagate succulents since it will be, practically, like having a new plant in no time.
- We cut a stem between 10 and 15 centimeters from the succulent that we want to propagate. We eliminate the lower leaves, which will be the ones that we later plant on the ground.
- We let the cut heal for a week
- After that time, we planted in a substrate for cacti and succulents.
- If we have allowed healing well, we can water normally. In case of not having respected this time, we will wait 15 days before watering
Steps To Propagate Succulents By Cutting In Water
It can also be applied to propagate succulents with leaves. If we choose this technique we will have to find a small container, such as the lid of a jar. And we will only submerge a small part of its base.
If what we want is to propagate succulents from a plant cutting in water, the steps are different. Of course: when propagating succulents in the substrate, we will have to choose a good size stem and let it heal for a week.
- We are looking for a container with sufficient depth, such as a glass or glass jar. With the lower leaves removed, we support our succulent on the edge and we will put water until the base of the stem is slightly above.
- We place our succulent in a window where it receives light.
It is probably the fastest method to multiply these plants. And also the most decorative. Because once the roots grow, the great crossroads is whether to enjoy their vision in glass or deprive ourselves of it by putting them in the substrate.
Have you used any of these techniques to propagate succulents? Let us know! And if you have any questions, please let us know by commenting below.