Life in big cities has taken us away from nature. And it is sad to see that many children do not know where the food they eat every day comes from. Fortunately, there is an alternative: the urban garden. In our own home, we can grow many of the vegetables that we buy in the supermarket and turn this activity into another entertainment. In this article, we will let you know, How To Make An Urban Garden.
How To Make An Urban Garden.
In the text that follows we are going to show you step by step how to make an urban garden, something simple and requiring very little dedication. With very little work, we will enjoy completely organic fruits and vegetables with a flavor that we cannot find in the plasticized environment of supermarkets. In addition, the little ones in the house will learn a lesson that will help them understand what they eat.
Main Requirements To Make An Urban Garden
Although an urban garden is within the reach of most, there are some basic requirements for us to install it:
- Space- Almost anything goes here: from a terrace to a balcony or a roof terrace. No matter how small, there will always be room for a container with some plants. The only important thing is that it is outdoors and well ventilated.
- Sunlight- Not just any space is valid: direct sun exposure is a basic requirement. All fruit-bearing plants like tomatoes or cucumbers need a minimum of 6 to 7 hours of sun exposure. Green leafy plants like lettuce or root-like carrots need two to three hours less. In any case, a patio without direct sunlight will not help us.
- The container- It can be of any material, shape, and size. The important thing is that it has enough depth and some holes in the bottom to drain the water. As a general rule, the taller the plant, the deeper the container needs to be. If we want to plant tomatoes or any other fruit plant, 30 centimeters is the minimum depth for the roots to develop correctly. It is also important that the container has not previously served to store any toxic material such as paint or detergent.
For the rest, we are free to use whatever we have on hand.
Seeds or Plants?
We already have space and some suitable containers. It is time to make a difficult decision: plant seeds or plants. Planting seeds is more complicated and takes more time, but it saves us the work of transplanting them.
If, on the other hand, we use seedlings, we will have the plant already grown and we will only have to make a hole in the ground to bury the roots, but it will cost us something more. In any case, both seeds and seedlings can be purchased at a garden center. It is advisable to experiment with both options and in both cases, the manufacturer will include detailed instructions on how to proceed with the product.
When we have a plant already formed, we can use the fragments of its stems to reproduce a new “cloned” plant. This way of reproducing plants is known as “reproduction by cuttings” and, as we explained, it is a very simple method that will facilitate the multiplication of plants in our urban garden.
Installation And Maintenance Of An Urban Garden
Taking care of an urban garden is simple, but requires a minimum of dedication. The first step, before sowing the seeds or burying the seedlings, is to fill the container with soil. We must use organic soil, preferably a mixture of fertilized soil and 50% peat. It is essential that it is well loose. A caked soil will make it difficult for roots to grow.
Once the land is ready and we have sown or planted, the main care is to keep the crops well hydrated. It must be borne in mind that, as there is no soil underneath, the level of evaporation is very high. The irrigation will have to be practiced daily and must soak the earth in depth. Otherwise, we favor the growth of superficial roots that are more exposed to heat. It is also important not to wet the leaves when watering since we could favor the appearance of fungal diseases.
If we must enrich the soil with nutrients, it is better to opt for organic fertilizer, such as compost. In the case of opting for non-organic compost, it is better to use a slow-release one, easy to find in any garden center. It must be taken into account that the plants are growing in an artificial and limited environment and that the abundance of irrigation causes many nutrients to be lost with the water. They depend on us to get everything they need.
When and What To Plant?
Planting will depend, to a large extent, on where you live and the crops you choose. As a general rule, early spring is the time for sowing and can be transplanted from May to June.
The possibilities of what you can grow are immense. Although we must rule out the larger species such as pumpkins or melons that would not have enough space to develop their root system. Tomatoes, lettuce, and peppers do well in all types of containers and geographic regions. But you don’t just have to limit yourself to vegetables. Fruits like strawberry can also be grown without problems, as well as most aromatic plants. It is also advisable to plant dwarf varieties of vegetables, which are better adapted to growing in containers.
Other Tips To Take Care Of Your Urban Garden
Although urban garden care is available to almost everyone, there are some precautions that we must take to obtain the expected results. One of them has to do with vegetable combinations. There are plants that get along well with each other and, instead, there are combinations that it is preferable to avoid. For example, we should never plant onions and garlic together with beans or potatoes with tomatoes or zucchini. Not only do they compete for the same nutrients, but they also get in the way of each other.
It is also advisable to always wear gloves. The land of our garden will be populated with living beings, most of them beneficial, but there are some microorganisms that can cause problems. In the same way, although the fruits of our garden are free of pesticides, it is advisable to wash them well under the tap before consuming them.
Despite the fact that sunlight is a fundamental ingredient, in midsummer, it is convenient to use an umbrella or extend an awning at the warmest hours to protect the plants.
Gardening is a healthy activity that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. An urban garden adds the incentive to put within our reach foods that have not been adulterated and that retain all their flavor and nutritional properties. So, we hope this article, ‘‘How To Make An Urban Garden” will help you to make your own garden. Happy Gardening.