Have you ever wondered How To Grow Vine so you can eat your own grapes?
How To Grow Vine
Eating grapes from your own garden is a great feeling. But without knowing the proper process this is impossible to grow vine. So, here we are giving you full details about How To Grow Vine. Take a note.
Where You Can Plant Vine
Fortunately, the vine easily adapts to unfavorable weather conditions. And therefore its worldwide distribution is very extensive and varied. Being found in tropical, semi-desert areas, as well as in very cold areas.
As for the temperature, it must exceed 18ºC from the aging, that is, when the bunch changes color, in order to have an adequate maturation.
In addition, it supports a variety of terrain heights from sea level to about 800 m altitudes, with even vineyards at 1,300 m high.
Regarding irrigation, it is a very resistant plant to drought, but it develops better when it receives between 350 and 500 mm of water per year.
Land Preparation To Grow Vine
Properly preparing the soil is an essential task that is carried out only the first time in a vineyard. But it is crucial in the health of the plants since it favors their longevity, resistance to drought and pests, and, consequently, their production.
First, you have to clean the floor of herbs and remove stones.
It is also important to decompress the soil to favor the proper development of the vine’s roots. The optimum would be tillage between 40 to 80 cm deep.
Plan The Space To Grow Vine
Once we have the soil in condition, we must plan where and how many plants we want to put on our land.
To do this, we will mark with tutors the final location of each plant, leaving the necessary space between strains.
How To Grow Vine
- Once the space is planned, we dig the holes where we will place the plants. To do this, we proceed to make a hole about 40 cm deep.
- Next, we introduce the vine plant in the hole up to the height of the graft. Keep in mind that it is very important that the graft point is above ground level.
- In addition, the soil must be tamped to avoid the formation of air pockets between the vine plant and the ground.
- Finally, we water the plant abundantly so that it takes root.
In the event that there is a risk of frost, it would be convenient to protect the plant by covering it with loose soil. And remove that protection when the risk of frost disappears. You can also use protective tubes that will not only protect it from frost but also from rodents.
As for watering, if the weather is very dry and hot, it would be convenient to water once a week if necessary.
Fertilizer To Grow Vine
In spring, it is advisable to apply fertilizer type 15-15-15 that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. It is used in all types of crops favoring root development, fruit growth, or the vigorous development of the green plant. We will apply it at a rate of 10 grams per plant diluted in 10 liters of water.
During the summer, every 15 days we will repeat the irrigation plus the application of the fertilizer.
To Prevent Pests & diseases
It is very important to carry out pest and disease prevention work on the vine.
For this, it is necessary to be constant in observing the health of the plants. And detect if there are spots on the leaves, eaten leaves, insects, etc., and examine the general condition of the plant.
When to Plant a vine
Although in warmer climates an earlier planting can be done. And in colder climates later, the ideal time to plant the vine is when the plant is in a vegetative stop.
This time spans, in the northern hemisphere, from December to May. The opposite would be for the southern hemisphere counting 6 more months, that is, from June to November.
In addition, the specific weather conditions of the plot where it will be planted must be taken into account.
Grape Plant Varieties
In general, we could group them into wine grapes and table grapes:
- Red Grapes: Garnacha, Cabernet Sauvignon, Tempranillo, Monastrell, Mazuelo, Merlot, Sirah, Bobal, etc.
- White wines : Verdejo, Airen, Macabeo, Chardonnay, Palomino, Pedro Ximénez, Riesling, Garnacha, Sauvignon Blanc, Tempranillo, etc.
- Table: Red Globe, Alfonso Lavallée, Aledo de Nochevieja, Napoleón, Cardinal, Moscatel, Autumn Royal, Michele Palieri, etc.
It is very interesting to put plants of each variety and see how they adapt better to our plot.
There are also varieties of seedless grapes. Some of them are:
- Autumn Royal
- Flame Seedless
- Crimson seedless
Where to Buy Grape Plants
It is advisable to buy grape plants in a specialized nursery with experience in this type of plant. A site where they can advise you on how to grow vines, what varieties and quantities should you plant, etc.
For example, if you wanted to buy a seedless table grape plant, they would tell you which would be the one that would best suit your terrain and climate. And, in turn, would guarantee greater production.
It is recommended that they be 1-year-old plants since they are used for new vine plantations, with certified grafting, grafted from the selected grape variety. On an American rootstock resistant to phylloxera and adapted to the conditions of the I usually.
Plants are usually marketed bare root because it is more practical to transplant and preserve their freshness. In addition, they are pruned to two buds, waxed with red wax (which should not be removed), and with the roots trimmed.
When Will I Have My First Grapes
Although it depends not only on the conditions of the climate and the terrain but also on the varieties of grapes. And, of course, the care with which we take care of our plants, satisfying the needs of irrigation, fertilizer, and disease control. In general, in normal conditions, the first grapes appear a year and a half after planting the vine.
So, now you know How To Grow Vine so easily. For more informative articles you can visit our Gardening Tips Category. Have a good day!