Are you fond of Tomatoes? And looking for a proper guide about, How To Grow Tomatoes From Seeds at Home? So, here we are giving you the whole progress with details.
How To Grow Tomatoes From Seeds at Home
The tomato is probably one of the most consumed foods in our diet as it can be eaten raw or cooked and can be added to many dishes, from salads to sauces to home. This food has great beneficial properties for health since it is rich in antioxidant vitamins such as vitamin C, A, and E. It also contains a high level of B vitamins and folic acid and a good variety of minerals. So let’s see How To Grow Tomatoes From Seeds at Home.
Sowing tomato seeds, To Grow Tomatoes From Seeds at Home
To grow tomatoes from seed, the first thing we will do is prepare a seedbed. Depending on the number of plants we need, we will do it in seedling trays or in any container at least 5 cm deep that has holes in the bottom. Whether they are small pots or recycled containers. To fill them, we will choose a substrate for seedlings, or we will mix our own with black peat and compost or coconut fiber. We can also use pressed jiffy discs.
When To Plant Tomato Seeds
In mild climates, we can sow tomato seeds from winter (January in the northern hemisphere, some varieties even in December). And from late winter and early spring in cold climates (March in the northern hemisphere). The best time is between March and May.
Optionally we can hydrate the seeds previously. Immersing them in water for 24 hours, so that it is easier for them to germinate. It is not essential.
We moisten the seedbed first. Place 2-3 seeds, press a little, and cover with vermiculite (preferable). Or with a very thin layer of the same substrate, no more than half a centimeter. Then we water with a sprayer.
We place the seedbed in a warm and light place, but without direct sun. We can cover it with a plastic film or transparent lid to keep the humidity.
When they have two pairs of leaves we can transplant them to their final place in the soil outdoors or in a pot or growing table. This moment usually arrives around 2 months from the sowing of the seed.
If more than one seed has germinated in the hole, we will separate them or discard the weaker ones.
To sow outdoors we will wait until there are no frosts. We move the soil well, make a furrow and add a little substrate to each hole. The separation between tomato plants will be 40-50 cm. Between lines, we can keep a distance of 150 cm. We place a plant in each hole and we will water. Optionally, before this, we can transplant them into pots of 8-12 cm so that they form a good root ball and it is more unlikely to lose a plant.
We can place an anti-grass mesh to save time in maintenance. And also better maintain the humidity of the soil. Also, the drip irrigation circuit below the mesh, if we have chosen this method.
In a pot or growing table, we need at least a 20-liter pot, with a substrate rich in nutrients.
For tomato plants to give good tomatoes they need sunlight. At least 6 hours a day. The ideal is between 8 and 10 hours of sun exposure. So we will choose a sunny place. When they don’t have enough sun, plants grow too tall looking for light.
Tutors: How to Train Tomato Plants
To keep the tomato plant upright, it is essential to support it: with inverted V-shaped canes, winding rope, or wavy rods. The suitable height is between 1.5 and 2 meters.
The stakes are placed right next to the main stem of the tomato plant and, in the case of the rope or the rods, they become entangled in the stem. In the case of the canes, which is the most common in an urban garden, we will hold the plant to the cane by tying it below the clusters. Which are the heaviest areas, without tightening too much so as not to strangle the stem.
Tomatoes, without stakes that support them well, will not grow properly. Without them, they can bend and break more easily.
Tomato Maintenance To Grow Tomatoes From Seeds at Home-
Pruning / Trimming
When the tomato plants grow, shoots will appear between the stem and the leaves, axillary shoots also called suckers. Which we have to remove mostly if we want a larger fruit production and prevent pests from developing more easily. We can leave just one of the suckers uncut to develop. just in case the main stem is damaged and we don’t risk losing the entire plant. This review is done every week as they keep appearing.
We will remove the dry or damaged leaves from the lower part of the plant to avoid pests and improve aeration.
With the method of tying the canes we will have to tie the plant to the cane as it grows, and in the case of the rope or the rod, roll it around them.
Growing tomatoes requires a lot of water, the availability of this is important throughout their life cycle and prefers a deep watering that penetrates well to the interior. They need between 1.5 and 2 liters per day.
It is a crop that requires many nutrients, every two weeks we can provide you with some organic fertilizer. Especially during the flowering season, you will need a fertilizer rich in calcium and phosphorus.
The cultivation of tomatoes is one of the grateful ones since with little effort and in a relatively short time we can obtain a rich and abundant harvest of tomatoes. But it can be affected by pests and diseases that must be prevented or solved.
Among the most common diseases that we must check that do not develop are fungi: powdery mildew and mildew.
- The powdery mildew appears as yellow spots on the upper leaf and a white powder on the underside. It is usually presented by high humidity and poor aeration.
- Mildew is a fungus that causes blotches on leaves newly necrotic.
- Fungi can be prevented with organic fungicides, as once they are established they are more difficult to eradicate.
- Apart from fungi, other common plants in tomato are:
- The aphids are located under the leaves and in the shoots of the plant, they deform the part of the plant in which they are feeding on the sap.
- The ants are usually associated with the aphid because they make a profit “taking care” of aphids because they feed their sugary waste. You just have to follow their path to see where the aphids are hidden.
- The spider mite is discovered by the small dotted marks that appear on the leaves, they live on the underside of the leaves. They don’t like humidity.
After flowering, if pollination has gone well, the first tomatoes will come. And this is one of the most rewarding ways to grow tomatoes from seed! We will be able to harvest the main part of the harvest between June and August. You can be picking fruit until October.
The color will clearly indicate the state of ripeness. But it will depend on the varieties we have chosen, as there are red, pink, yellow, purple varieties …
Types of varieties of tomatoes-
We must distinguish between two types of tomatoes: determinate or indeterminate
- Determined height
- Shrubby and compact
- Less control of pruning and trellising
All harvest at once
- Indeterminate height
- More uncontrolled growth and more sprouts
- Needs more attention to pruning
Harvest in a staggered manner
Certain tomatoes grow to a certain height, are more compact, and require less control as to pruning and staking. The harvest is usually more sudden.
The tomatoes Indeterminate have a more uncontrolled growth, have more pacifiers, and must be trimmed and controlled more. The harvest is more staggered during the season.
We hope our guide How To Grow Tomatoes From Seeds at Home will help you get a great harvest of tomatoes! If you have questions, leave them in the comments. If you wanna want to grow many varieties of tomatoes, this article Best Tomato Varieties may help you! Stay Connected.