Do you want to learn How To Grow A Lemon Tree From Seed? In this article, we will see how to grow and sow a lemon tree. We will also learn how to take care of our lemon tree, we will see how to avoid and cure the possible pests that attack it. How to sow lemon trees from seeds and how to make grafts.
How To Grow A Lemon Tree From Seed
The lemon tree (Citrus Limon) is a fruit tree whose appearance has led it to position itself among the most desired trees for any playground or children’s area. In fact, it is a citrus fruit used as an ornamental tree in many cities in Spain, just like the orange tree. Let’s see How To Grow A Lemon Tree From Seed & Take care of them.
When to Plant The Lemon Tree?
It is best to grow the lemon tree in spring to make sure its roots are well established before the onset of winter. On the other hand, the soil and the hole should be prepared in the fall.
What To Do Before Planting The Lemon Tree? (To Grow A Lemon Tree From Seed)
You should start by digging the ground to remove all the roots, stones, and weeds that could prevent the development of the tree. As the lemon tree is quite demanding, you also have to pay attention to the nature of the soil. Indeed, it appreciates deep and rich soils, sandy and well aerated. You should avoid clay soils that do not provide drainage and are therefore not very suitable for growing lemons. If this is the case, add a good layer of gravel to the bottom of the hole or a drain to prevent water stagnation.
If your soil is too light or poor, add manure, topsoil, green manure or compost, and a base dressing like phosphorous and potash.
To have a soil ideally ready to receive your lemon tree, here is its composition: 20% silt, 5 to 10% clay, 50% coarse sand, and 20% fine sand.
How to Transplant A Lemon Tree?
Plant a lemon tree in the ground:
- Dig a hole deep enough, at least one meter. Mix the compost and sand with the soil, and place a bed of gravel to ensure proper drainage.
- Introduce it into the soil at the same level as it was in the pot. Put the modified soil back in place without burying the graft site. Water copiously and compact the soil well.
Planting a potted lemon tree:
- Choose a very deep and large enough pot, the more soil, the more the roots of the lemon tree will be protected from the cold.
- Place in the bottom of the pot a slippery 20 cm mixture: clay balls and gravel.
- Fill the pot with citrus compost with 5-10% clay. Then place your bush and compact the soil slightly. Water but being careful not to use too much water.
Grow A Lemon Tree From Seed
Lemon seeds are cheaper and can even be obtained from a lemon. It is then necessary to choose fruits adapted to the region, more or less resistant to cold. To test them, soak the seeds in water overnight and discard any that surface or are too small.
Dry the ones you are going to store, put them in a paper envelope and put them in the fridge for three weeks. The lemon seed will be stimulated by this passage of cold.
Plant each seed in an individual pot, containing a well-draining, lightweight soil mix. Germination usually occurs within three weeks.
You can then transplant it into the ground when the bush is a bit vigorous or put it in a larger, deeper pot.
After that, a lot of patience will be needed, as the lemon tree only bears fruit after a few years.
Multiplying A Lemon Tree By Grafting
When we talk about grafting, we think directly about creating a new variety of plants. In fact, this type of technique has long been used by gardening enthusiasts to obtain new species.
- The ideal season to graft a lemon tree is in late spring as the climate is ideal to ensure the success of the process.
- To start grafting, you must prepare the stock. To do this, you must remove the leaves. For practical reasons, grafting at the base of a rootstock for at least 1-year-old is recommended.
- Then you must cut the graft. Choose a healthy branch and reserve it in a glass of water to prevent it from drying out after you have stripped it of its leaves and left the peduncles.
- Next, cut the rootstock into a T shape with a grafting tool. It is removed without removing the skin and a bulb of the graft is placed. The graft should be pruned into the bark to facilitate its placement on the rootstock. Then it will only be necessary to slide it into the T-slot and tie it with a string or fine fabric. Care must be taken to cover the entire length of the graft to ensure adhesion to the rootstock.
- After these steps, it is best to place the tree in full light and water it regularly. For its maintenance, you will have to remove the head of the rootstock and the shoots. This will make the tree sturdier.
Before finishing, it is important to note that the graft does not tolerate the sun. Therefore, you should choose a good location that has light but not direct sun.
Where To Plant A Lemon Tree?
It is necessary to choose the varieties that best withstand temperatures below 0 ° C. You also need to carefully monitor your watering.
It is recommended to place them in a sunny place, protected from frost and prevailing winds.
How To Maintain It?
Fertilize the lemon tree:
In open ground: consists of the addition of nitrogen 3 times a year. In early spring, late summer, and then in autumn. Use a mixture with manure enriched in phosphate and potassium that will increase the flavor of the fruit and the fruiting. The fertilizer is applied directly to the soil where the roots are located.
In pots: the lemon trees are fertilized in spring. With a nitrogen fertilizer that is mixed with the water used to water the bush, adding a fertilizer based on potassium and phosphorus during the summer. You can also fertilize them with complete granulated compost.
Repotting the lemon tree:
- It will be done when the roots cover the bottom of the pot or root ball. You have to be careful and choose a pot that is not much larger than the previous one, at most twice its volume. Otherwise, its fruiting will be delayed. Citrus fruits tend to colonize the container before flowering and fruiting.
- In the case of lemon trees grown in a container and whose replanting is impossible, it is enough to put the substrate in the upper layer, taking care not to damage the roots. It is recommended to use quality hummus.
- If the temperature ever exceeds 13 ° C, the tree does not enter a vegetative rest period. So it must continue to be watered once a week and fertilized once a month.
- The place where it is located should be very bright, but avoid proximity to a heating system.
- If you grow your lemon tree in the ground, double-veil it in winter to cover the branches in case of prolonged and severe cold. If you can’t get your pot inside, isolate it from the ground with a polyethylene sheet and surround the pot with bubble wrap.
How to Water The Lemon Tree?
- It is important to know that the lemon tree must be watered correctly throughout the summer to prevent it from entering a dormant period. This would then be detrimental to the fruiting process.
- During the first two years of cultivation, it is recommended to make a basin around the tree, near the tree. Which will then be enlarged by placing it in line with the foliage.
- Some rootstocks don’t tolerate chlorine well. So it’s best to water them with rainwater or let the tap water sit for a few hours before watering.
Harvesting Lemons: When And How?
The lemons will be picked when they are ripe. It is the cold that is responsible for its coloration. For example, in the tropics, they retain a green color even when ripe.
Follow this method:
- Lemons are picked by hand, with gloves, or with special tweezers with the tips turned upside down.
- Cut the stem flush with the calyx, being very careful not to damage the fruit.
- You also have to be careful not to damage those left on the tree, they should not be subjected to blows.
How to Store Lemons?
It is a difficult fruit to preserve and it is better to eat it quickly. Meanwhile, it can be kept for a few days in the fridge drawer.
Lemon Tree Pests (Tips To Grow A Lemon Tree From Seed)
Mealybugs – Potted and indoor crops can be particularly susceptible to invasion.
To avoid this, the underside of leaves and twigs should be regularly observed.
Pinch the twigs and spray them with a neem oil that has the effect of suffocating these insects.
These attacks tend to occur after the appearance of sooty mold, a secondary fungus that can be found on blackened foliage as it hinders photosynthesis. As soon as you see it, clean your lemon tree with soapy water.
The bud mite: it deforms the buds and causes them to fall off. There are ways to avoid it: Avoid all treatments that are not absolutely necessary and above all avoid excess nitrogen. Apply neem oil when the lemons reach the size of a hazelnut.
Aphids: They tend to grow slowly and can be seen on curly leaves. To control them, spray a solution of water and black soap.
& See, this is How To Grow A Lemon Tree From Seed and Take Care Of Them. For more informative articles, you can visit our Gardening Tips Category. Stay Blessed.